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I- Read the followings and choose the best option for these questions.

TELEVISION

Here in Egypt, television has a powerful hold over people's minds. It is an instrument of leisure, of information and - to a very limited extent - of culture. It does not stop people reading newspapers or books, going to the cinema or theatre or watching videos. But these activities are occasional, irregular and ultimately of secondary importance. Television is one of the main subjects of conversation, at school, in offices, at home and in the street, as well as being written about in all the newspapers.

It might be said that the main objective of television is to persuade the maximum number of people to watch it for the maximum amount of time. And how effectively the sitcoms and soap operas do that! I do not think that I have ever seen any other country so totally dominated by these shows. Some of them are Egyptian productions but the majority is American. Each episode, each programme, is a talking point for everyone, young and old alike.

1: Which is the main idea of the passage?
A. Television, an instrument of leisure.
B. Television, the rest of the media and American soaps.
C. Television, the main subjects of conversation.
D. Television and its use.
2: What does television have over people's mind?
A. A picture. B. An influence. C. An impression. D. A limit.
3: At school or in offices, television is considered as a topic _____.
A. for people to talk about B. for learning
C. for discussion D. for entertainment
4: What might the main objective of television be?
A. To waste time.
B. To get people away from their free time.
C. To allow much time for many people to watch it.
D. To get people away from their work.
5: How often are the sitcoms and soap operas shown on TV?
A. Usually. B. Sometimes. C. Rarely. D. Never.

II- Read the followings and choose the best option to fill the gaps.


Most people think of computers as very modern inventions, products of our new technological age. But actually the idea for a computer had been worked out over two centuries ago by a man (1)_____ Charles Babbage. Babbage was born in 1791 and grew up to be a brilliant mathematician. He drew up plans for several calculating machines which he called "engines". But despite the fact that he (2)_____ building some of these, he never finished any of them. Over the years people have argued (3) _____ his machines would ever work. Recently, however, the Science Museum in London has finished building (4) _____ engine based on one of Babbage's designs. (5) _____ has taken six years to complete and more than four thousand parts have been specially made. Whether it works or not, the machine will be on show at a special exhibition in the Science Museum to remind people of Babbage's work.

1: A. called B. known C. written D. recognized
2: A. wanted B. made C. started D. missed
3: A. why B. whether C. though D. until
4: A. an B. that C. the D. some
5: A. One B. They C. It D. He .

III- Read the followings and choose the best option to fill the gaps.

FRIENDS


To many people, their friends are the most important in their life. Really good friends always (1)______joys and sorrows with you and never turn their backs on you. Your best friend may be someone you have known all your life or someome you have grown (2)______ with. There are all sorts of things that can (3)________about this special relationship. It may be the result ofenjoying the same activities and sharing experiences.Most of us have met someone that we have immediately felt relaxed with as if we had known them for ages. However, it really takes you years to get to know someone well (4)_______to consider your best friend. To the majority of us, this is someone we trust completely and (5)________understands us better than anyone else. It’s the person you can tell him or her your most intimate secrets .

1. A. have B. give C. spend D. share
2. A. up B. in C. through D. on
3. A. bring B. cause C. provide D. result
4. A. enough B. too C. such D. so
5.A. who B. whose C. whom D. which .

IV- Read the followings and choose the best option to fill the gaps

In the United States and Canada, it is very important to look a person in the eyes when you are having a conversation with him or her. If you look down or to the side when the other person is talking, that person will think that you are not interested in what he or she is saying. This of course, is not polite. If you look down or to the side when you are talking, you may appear hiding something, that is, it might seem that you are not honest. However, people who are speaking will sometimes look away for a few seconds when they are thinking or trying to find the right word. But they always turn immediately back to look the listener in the eye. These social rules are the same for two women, two men, a woman and a man, or an adult and a child.
1.When you are talking to an American or Canadian, you should _____ .
A. look down B. look directly at him/her
C. avoid looking directly at him/her D. look to the side
2. It is very _______ of you not to look in the eyes of the listener while talking.
A. polite B. honest C. dishonest D. impolite
3.Looking down or to the side when you are spoken to means_________.
A. you feel bored with his/her words B. you are paying attention to her/him
C. you respect of him/her D. you are afraid of him/her
4. People can look away for a few seconds while speaking
A. to hide their feelings B. to find the correct word
C. to find something D. to hide something
5.These social rules are user for ______ .
A. everybody B. two men C. a man and a woman D. two women .

V- Read the passage and answer True ( T ) False ( F ) statements:

Air pollution is a serious problem in many cities. Motor vehicles, factories and other sources create so much air pollution that it may hang in the air like dirty fog. Air pollution threatens the health of the people who live in cities. City wastes cause water pollution when they are poured into the waterways. These wastes kill fish and make some areas unfit for swimming. In addition, many large cities have difficulties in disposing of their garbage. The amount of garbage grows each year, but places to put it are quickly filling up. Citizens, governments, industries, scientists, and business people must work together in different ways to gradually reduce pollution. For example, most cities have introduced recycling programmes.
1. Motor vehicles and factories are among some sources of air pollution.
2. Air pollution doesn't endanger people's health in some cities.
3. Air pollution is the only problem of the environment mentioned in this passage.
4. Garbage disposal is a problem in many large cities.
5. Everyone must cooperate to reduce pollution.
6. We can reduce pollution by recycling programmes only.

VI- Read the followings and choose the best option to fill the gaps.

Ann Johnson has worked at this college for three years. She is a responsible employee and gets onwell with the other members of the department. We have all found her to be an excellent (1)______. She is always on time for work. She is an extremely (2)______ staff member who is able to work independently. I can always rely on her creative thinking. Her students often tell me how kind she is. She is always ready to help with a smile and she is cheerful to all of them. In private, she is not very talkative (3)______ seems rather shy. Her work is excellent, and she is determined to (4)______. She is also quite ambitious and has applied for the position of Director of Studies. I think that you can count (5)______ Ann to make your school a success and I recommend her for the post of Director.

1: A. employer B. adult C. student D. colleague
2: A. reliable B. lazy C. stubborn D. selfish
3: A. therefore B. as C. so D. and
4: A. help B. use C. succeed D. fail
5: A. to B. with C. for D. on .

VII- Read the followings and choose the best option to complete these sentences.

Out in the Pacific Ocean, 3,700 kilometres from Los Angeles, are the islands of Hawaii, the fiftiethstate of the United States, with its area of 16,700 square kilometres.

The first Hawaiians arrived from other Pacific islands sometime around 100 A.D. Then in 1778, Captain Cook visited Hawaii. He put the islands on his maps of the Pacific Ocean. Then more shipsknew Hawaii and began stopping there for supplies.

In 1820, a small group of people from the eastern United States came to teach the Hawaiian people about Christianity. They started farms to grow sugar cane and pineapples. Because there were not enough people to do all the farm work, farm owners brought in Asians – Chinese, Japanese, and Filipinos. Later Koreans, Portuguese, and Puerto Ricans also came. More people came from the U.S. mainland and from other Pacific islands, and Hawaii became an island with traditions from several countries. People from the various national groups have married each other, so today the groups are partly mixed. Hawaiians are very friendly and always welcome visitors. They celebrate traditional Chinese, Japanese, and Filipino holidays as well as holidays from the United States. Hawaii is known as the . Aloha State. “Aloha” means “hello”, “goodbye”, and “I love you” in Hawaiian.

1: Hawaii is _______ square kilometres in area.
A. 16,700 B. 1,820 C. 2,500 D. 3,700
2: More ships knew Hawaii through _______ and stopped there for supplies.
A. Christopher Columbus B. Christians
C. Captain Cook’s maps D. Japanese visitors
3: In the early 19th century, many Asians were taken to Hawaii _______.
A. to go fishing B. to do the farm work C. to visit attractions D. to be holidaymakers
4: Today the various national groups are _______.
A. living in different societies B. partly mixed
C. completely separated D. completely mixed
5: According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. All Hawaiian people have come from Asia.
B. Hawaii is in the Pacific Ocean, 3,700 kilometres from Los Angeles.
C. Hawaii is the fiftieth state of the United States.
D. Captain Cook came to Hawaii in 1778. .


VIII- Read the followings and choose the best option to complete these sentences.

Every year students in many countries learn English. Some of these students are young children. Others are teenagers. Many are adults. Some learn at school. Others study by themselves. A few learn English just by hearing the language in films, on television, in the office or among their friends. But not many are lucky enough to do that. Most people must work hard on their lessons to learn another language. Many boys and girls learn English at school because it is one of their subjects. They study their own language, mathematics and English. In England, America or Australia, many boys and girls study their own language, which is English, mathematics and another language, perhaps French, German or Spanish. Many adults learn English because it is useful for their work. Teenagers often learn English for their higher studies because some of their books are in English at the college or university. Others people learn English because they want to read newspapers or magazines in English.

1.According to the writer __________.
A. English is useful only to adults B. no children like learning English
C. only teenagers learn English D. English is learned by many generations
2. Most people learn English by __________.
A. watching videos only B. hearing the language in this office
C. talking with the film stars D. working hard on their lessons
3. Many boys and girls learn English because __________.
A. English can give them a job B. their parents make them do it
C. they have to study their own language D. it is included in their study courses
4. In America and Australia, many school children study __________.
A. their own language and no foreign language
B. such foreign languages as French, German or Spanish
C. English and mathematics only
D. English as a foreign language
5.Many adults learn English because __________.
A. they want to go abroad B. it is useful for their work
C. most of their books are in English D. they want to read newspapers in English .

IX- Read the followings and choose the best option to fill the gaps.

SAVE THE EARTH!


We are all slowly (1)_______ the Earth. The seas and rivers are too dirty to swim in. There is so much smoke in the air that it is unhealthy to live in many of the world’s cities. In one well – known city, for example, poisonous gases (2) _______ cars pollute the air so much that traffic policemen have to wear oxygen masks. We have cut down (3) _______ trees that there are now vast areas of wasteland all over the world. As a result, farmers in parts of Africa cannot grow enough (4) ________. In certain countries in Asia there is too little rice. Moreover, we do not take enough care of the countryside. Wild animals are quickly disappearing. For instance, tigers are rare in India now because we have killed too many for them. However, it isn’t enough simply to talk about the problem. We must act now before it is too late to do (5)______about it. Join us now. Save the Earth!

1. A. destroyed B. destroying C. destroys D. destroy
2. A. by B. from C. of D. in
3. A. so much B. so few C. so little D. so many
4.A. eating B. to eat C. for eat D. to be eaten
5. A. anything B. nothing C. everything D. somthing .
 

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Whenever we go through the concept of the expression really like, with relation to an intimate relationship utilizing a further, however to be a experiencing that is engendered when you have miltchmonkey the best connection yourself as well * as well as like a a sense of better unity spouse and children or maybe the human race : it will become even more extraordinary that most everyone is looking to get in your daily course is usually appreciate.
 
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